Albacete It has been part of the Autonomous Community of Castilla-La Mancha since 1982. It is located in the southeastern part of the Castilian Plateau, in an extensive plain. It is an obligatory step from the Meseta or the Spanish capital to the beaches of the Valencian Community.
It limits to the east with Valencia and Alicante, to the north with Cuenca, to the west with Ciudad Real and Jaén and to the south with Murcia and Granada.
The province of Albacete has, according to the INE (January 1, 2007), a population of 392,110 inhabitants and an area of 14,858 km2 .. It is located 700 mts. above sea level.
To the south of the province is where the most mountainous areas are found with the Sierra de las Cabras in Nerpio, with heights of more than 2,000 meters, the Sierras de Alcaraz, Calar del Mundo, del Taibilla; and in the east are the Cordillera de Montearagón and the Sierra del Mugrón de Almansa.
Their lands are bathed by rivers: on their Mediterranean side: the Júcar, Cabriel, Segura, el Mundo; on its Atlantic slope: the Záncara and its tributary the Córcoles.
The climate of Albacete it is temperate Mediterranean, although influenced by continental climatology. Their summers are very hot. Most of the precipitations take place in spring and autumn. Winters are very cold with frequent snowfalls.
The regions The province is divided into the following: Comarca de los Campos de Hellín, Comarca de los Llanos de Albacete, Comarca de la Mancha del Júcar-centro, Comarca de Manchuela, Comarca del Corredor de Almansa, Comarca de la Sacam-Campo de Montiel, Region of the Sierra de Segura.
Albacete capital itself represents a region formed only by the capital and is independent of the other regions. It is called the Comarca de Albacete or the LLanos de Albacete.
Albacete came from the arabic word Al-Basit, which means plain. It was in Muslim hands until, in the 11th century, Fernando III conquered it for Christianity. Said king ceded the village to the council of Alarcón, which in turn passed into the hands of the Manuel lordship in 1282, until the late Modern Age.
The population boom came in the 14th century, with the creation of the Fair, which attracted trade (exchanges of livestock and agricultural products). That brought with it the increase in population. Thanks to the economic and demographic boom, in 1375 the first Marquis of Villena granted it the title of town and it became independent from Chinchilla.
In the 16th century, the Church of San Juan, current Albacete Cathedral, and various convents and monasteries began to be built. The city had about 5,000 inhabitants. After a crisis in the seventeenth century, a new economic and social boom came with the eighteenth century, in which Felipe V granted the right to hold an annual Fair.
In 1833 the province of Albacete was created. Albacete was granted the capital of the province, which was formed from former provinces of Cuenca, Murcia and La Mancha. Electricity and the railroad also arrived. Queen Elizabeth II, thanks to receiving support during the Carlist War, granted it the title of city.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the most important streets were built such as: Tesifonte Gallego, Marqués de Molins and the Pasaje de Lodares. During the Civil War it became the headquarters of the International Brigades and the headquarters of the Republican air force.
In 1982 and with the arrival of the Autonomies, Albacete became part of the Autonomous Community of Castilla-La Mancha.
At the beginning of the XXI century, Albacete is experiencing a new economic and demographic boom. It has the project of the construction of: the Congress Palace, the Botanical Garden, the modernization of the railway system (AVE), the Airport, the City of Transport or the Scientific-Technological Park.
Albacete It has a population of 168-080 inhabitants. It is located in Los Llanos and thanks to its location, it has a perfect network of roads and railways, as it is a perfect crossroads.
Since 1833 Albacete has been the administrative capital of the province, due to its position as a crossroads. The location of the Superior Court of Justice of Castilla-La Mancha and the University Campus dedicated to health sciences, technical education, humanities and social sciences; it has also influenced the development of the city.
The city of Albacete has pedestrian streets, with parks and gardens, which makes it pleasant for the visitor. The lung of the city is the Abelardo Sánchez ParkAlthough it has other parks such as: the Tree Festival, the Fair Gardens, and La Pulgosa. The most important streets of tourist interest are: Paseo de la Libertad, where the old flour factory is located, El Paseo de la Cuba, Plaza del Altozano, Plaza de la Catedral with the Cathedral of San Juan and the Museum Municipal Museum, the Museum of Cutlery, the Fairgrounds, Marqués de Molins and Tesifonte Gallego streets and Abelardo Sánchez park, Plaza Mayor, Plaza del Ayuntamiento, Calle Zapatero and Callejón de las Monjas.
The great activity of the Fairgrounds and the Conference Center has considerably increased business and economic life in the city, experiencing a boom in construction and services.
its Airport (Tel .: 967 555 700) was inaugurated in 2003, in which national and charter flights take place. It is located 3 km on the Ctra. CM-3203. Your road network: the A-3 Madrid-Alicante or Valencia highway; AP-36 Madrid-Ocaña-La Roda-Levante; A-31 from Albacete to Cuenca; E-5 from Albacete to Jaén-Granada; A-31 Albacete-Almansa and the A-35 to Valencia and joins the Ap-7 Valencia; A-30 Albacete-Murcia.
The most typical of Albacete are knives and folding knives, whose artisan tradition comes from the Muslims. Every year a Craft Fair takes place in September at the Fairgrounds.
Pottery is also typical, especially in Chinchilla and La Roda. Ceramics, tapestries, looms and embroidery, forging or leather and leather works, the Roman ones from Madrigueras, the bronzes from Riópar, the wicker from Lezuza, the esparto from Hellín or the jars from Villarrobledo, among many others.
Within Albacete, the commercial areas are located in the city center: Tesifonte Gallego, Marqués de Molins or Calle Ancha, Calle del Rosario, Calle Mayor, Tinte, Concepción, Zapateros, Passages of Val General, the Centro building, the Passage of Lodares, ...
In the Plaza Mayor the trail is celebrated where we find old collector's objects: coins, furniture, books, stamps ...
The Villacerrada Market is the city's food market. In the adjoining streets, there are all the artisan shops selling knives, forge, cheeses, sausages, saffron ...
The province of Albacete It offers a good recipe book of La Mancha cuisine and has a good range of restaurants. The most typical are Castilian roasts, legume stews, migas prepared in various different ways, potages, sausages and cheeses and their rich sweets.
The most typical dishes of Albacete cuisine has the characteristics of La Mancha cuisine and they are: Gazpacho with game, Migas ruleras, Gachas de pastor, Gachas-migas, succulent beans with partridge, Atascaburras ”(which used to be made in the past in snowy weather, and which was a way of combat low temperatures), Matahambre, Manchego Cochifrito, Lamb with Beans, Labriego Stew, Ajo de Mataero (fried pork and garlic), roasted lamb with garlic or fried, Potato soup, Caldo enhuevada, Caldo Valiente, Gazpachos widowed from Albacete , Gazpachuelo Manchego, Ajiaceite with white beans, Snails with rabbit, Creamy rice from the fields of Hellín with cod tiznao, Mojete on Good Friday, Scrambled eggs a la Manchega.
For dessert: the flakes, some flowers made of flour, eggs, sunflower oil, sugar, dried anise and rosemary honey; sweet rolls, figs from our sierra in fennel syrup, Montenevado from Villavaliente, walnuts, fried milk, miguelitos from La Roda filled with cream or chocolate or cream, sighs, etc.
In Albacete There is a lot of love for fishing and hunting (red partridge). There are 21 fishing grounds. Species such as black back, pike, carp, barbel and crabs are fished in the Júcar river. It has two intensive reserves, "Alcozarejos" and "Tavizna" at the height of Villalgordo. In the town of Villamalea, there is the Coto La Terrera, where you can fish everything.
It has good sports facilities such as: Albacete Tennis Club, Regional Flight Center of Ontur, where you can practice paragliding, hang gliding, or ultralight flights.
At Carlos Belmonte Municipal Sports Stadium They are located: grass soccer field, dirt soccer fields, tennis courts, fronton courts, indoor and summer swimming pools, multi-sports courts, changing rooms, saunas.
As for golf, they have the Las Pinaillas Golf Club, 18-hole course and par 72. It is located in Motilleja 12 km from the capital.
He speed circuit It is located in Ctra. de Ayora km. 3,700 and you can practice motor racing and motorcycling.
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